The Villain of Hanukkah // Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175-164 BCE
Seleukid Kingdom. Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 175-164 BCE. Serrate Bronze AE14 coin, Ake-Ptolemais mint, struck 173-172 BCE. Laureate head of Apollo right / Apollo seated left on omphalos, holding arrow and grounded bow, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY.
“Hanukkah” derives from the Hebrew verb חנך, meaning “to dedicate.” The festival was established in honor of the liberation of Jerusalem from the occupying forces of the bad Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who launched a massive campaign of persecution against the Jews in Judaea in 168 BCE. He did this because he mistook a Judean civil dispute for an insurgency. But once he banned Jewish religious practices and made the Second Temple into a pagan cult site, the Jews launched a full-scale rebellion under the leadership of Judas Maccabeus. The rebels as a whole would come to be known as the Maccabees, and their actions would be chronicled later in the Bible. The first Hanukkah took place when the Seleucids were defeated and the Second Temple re-dedicated.
— Framed in archival capsule with informational tag
— Ref: SC-1478. for type
— Coin measures 14mm
— Framed in archival capsule with informational tag (measures 2.875"L x 2.125"W x 0.25"H)
— Weight: 2.70 g
Accompanied by a hand-signed certificate of authenticity which includes all the details, culture, dating, motifs/inscriptions when applicable, historical relevance, and provenance.
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